Forensic investigations performed for:

  • Federal, State, Local Law Enforcement
  • Criminal Investigators
  • Law Firms
  • Civil Litigants
  • Insurance Companies
  • Banking Institutions and Regulators
  • Auditors and Accounting Firms
  • Corporations
  • Small and Medium Businesses


FRCP - Rule 45 (LII 2007 ed.)

With the new law regarding E-Discovery now in place, Rule 45 identifies new procedures to follow when your company subpoenaed.

Rule 45. Subpoena

(d) Duties in Responding to Subpoena.

(1)(A) A person responding to a subpoena to produce documents shall produce them as they are kept in the usual course of business or shall organize and label them to correspond with the categories in the demand.

(1)(B) If a subpoena does not specify the form or forms for producing electronically stored information, a person responding to a subpoena must produce the information in a form or forms in which the person ordinarily maintains it or in a form or forms that are reasonably usable.

(1)(C) A person responding to a subpoena need not produce the same electronically stored information in more than one form.

(1)(D) A person responding to a subpoena need not provide discovery of electronically stored information from sources that the person identifies as not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. On motion to compel discovery or to quash, the person from whom discovery is sought must show that the information sought is not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. If that showing is made, the court may nonetheless order discovery from such sources if the requesting party shows good cause, considering the limitations of Rule 26(b)(2)(C). The court may specify conditions for the discovery.

The entire overview for FRCP - Rule 45 (LII 2007 ed.) may be reviewed online.

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Computer forensic investigation has become a vital tool and source of information for gathering evidence from electronic devices to aid criminal investigators, corporate counsel, and prosecutors collect, analyze and present evidence in court.

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